It is the applicant who has no plan for an emergency on takeoff that breaks my heart. Or the one who can’t demonstrate to me how to properly recover from a stall or perform an effective emergency descent or other safety related tasks. A lack of knowledge or abilities results in a letter of disapproval. There is no shame in failing a test, but training is required and must be taken seriously. My job, as is the job of the instructor, is to do our very best to keep the student from making the headlines. Not to crash or have an incident.